What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
STDs are diseases and infections that are primarily spread through sexual contact. STDs can be dangerous, but most can easily be cured if detected right away. The most common STDs are HIV, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, syphilis, trichomoniasis, and genital herpes. Many individuals are unaware that they have an STD until they get tested.
Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
STD symptoms can take many weeks or even months to show up after sexual intercourse. While many individuals won’t show any symptoms of an STD, those who are symptomatic might experience the following symptoms:
- Abnormal discharge from the vagina or penis
- Painful urination
- Genital itching
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Lower abdominal pain
Sexually transmitted diseases are more common among teens and young adults. Having unprotected sex or having many different partners also puts you at a higher risk of getting an STD. Having an STD can increase your risk of contracting other diseases and infections.
Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Diseases
A simple urine test can detect most common STDs, however a blood test is required to detect other diseases such as HIV. Treatment for STDs often involves an antibiotic to kill the infection. For viral infections, there is no cure, but they can be managed with medication.
If left untreated, STDs can lead to infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease in women. Using protection during sexual activity is the best way to avoid getting and spreading sexually transmitted diseases. You should be tested for STDs at least once a year, after you’ve been with a new partner, or if you experience symptoms. You can visit Springfield Urgent Care for testing and treatment or for more information on sexually transmitted diseases.